Have an Exit Strategy Even if You Don’t Intend to Sell
Contributed by Michael Evans
Merger and acquisitions are expected to be the top business headline in 2013 as large corporations and Private Equity (PE) firms start to deploy their record amounts of cash. Rollups of related companies will accelerate in 2013 as companies seek critical mass and Initial Public Offerings (IPO) are expected to grow exponentially in 2013.
The accounting firm of KPMG recently commissioned a survey with respect to the prospects for consolidations in 2013. Study findings included:
• 60% of respondents said that large cash reserves would accelerate deal flow in 2013 and 40% indicated that favorable credit terms would drive activity.
• Primary drivers of activity increase: companies expanding their geographical reach (20%), PE buyers seeking more profitable operations (19%) and companies pursuing line of business expansion (17%).
• Key industries for deals: software and telecommunications, healthcare and pharmaceutical.
Private companies should prepare for enticing calls from PE firms and corporate buyers. Be prepared with a strategy to explore and seriously consider the “deal that may be too good to pass up.”
Analyzing the Option to Exit
Private companies considering an exit should be prepared to analyze the full range of options from all relevant perspectives including financial expectations, time horizons, risk appetite and tax issues for the Board, investors, managers and other stakeholders.
A key issue to expect: stakeholders may not have the same time frame for a transaction. Some stockholders might have tax issues if a sale is structured as a taxable transaction.
Steps to improve a company’s business enterprise value preparatory to a sale include:
- Assess whether the company has the resources to create a deal team to manage a 24 x 7 transaction process.
- Consider the basic parameters of a potential exit including the desire of the current owners to retain a stake in or control of the business.
- Anticipate issues that are likely to be raised in due diligence and fix as many problems as you can.
Assess Transaction Readiness
If there is initial interest in pursuing an exit, companies must determine if they are prepared to execute a transaction. Consider having an outside advisor provide a preliminary valuation of the company to manage the owner/investors’ expectations.
Be ready to define the current state of the company’s readiness to execute a transaction and:
- Address availability of basic collateral to support a sale, such as material for a “book.”
- Consider the readiness to respond to the key criteria that will drive buyers’ interest in a transaction and the price they will pay including: predictability and consistency of the company’s revenue, profit and cash flow, customer base and its loyalty, pricing power, concentration issues and incentives to keep key employees and executives.
- Consider differentiation and market positioning relative to competitors.
Consider Buyer’s View of the Company
Successful companies do not face their customers unprepared. All the more so when it comes to facing a buyer.
Be ready to address the concerns of prospective buyers of the company. Expect them to ask about:
- Capital investment and operating improvements they would need to do after the acquisition to realize the value they are targeting.
- How quickly and well a strategic acquirer would be able to integrate your operations, customers and culture.
- Drivers of sale value such as: intellectual property, R&D, technology and updates to products and human talent. Some of these can be improved before negotiating a transaction.
Create An Exit Plan
Key steps to an exit are often tax driven. Mergers can be fully, partially or tax free of taxable and can generate capital gains or ordinary income, depending upon how the transaction is structured. Most sellers will want a stock deal while most buyers will want an asset deal to avoid any contingent or undisclosed liabilities.
- Consider the full range of options for the transaction including refinancing, sale to insiders/ERISA, sale to a “benevolent” acquirer or a transfer to heirs.
- Understand the ramifications of each transaction scenario. A private equity deal will close off other funding options and involve an aggressive exit strategy.
- Develop the preliminary “story” about the business to give an acquirer a compelling vision about prospects to grow the business and earn a return on their investment.
- Integrate into the operating metrics and analytics that you use to run the company the model that you think potential buyers will use to put a valuation on the company.
- Prepare information memoranda and related presentation material.
- Create a presentation to investors and be ready to respond to their concerns.
You have worked long and hard to build a company. Take the time and devote the focus required to exit it successfully.